Knight Frank India released the 11th edition of its flagship half-yearly report on Indian real estate which presents a comprehensive analysis of the performance of both the residential and office markets across eight cities for the period January to June 2019. The highlight of this most-recent edition of the report has been the growth in affordable housing which has kept residential sales afloat despite a recovering market. On the office side the market has seen tremendous growth to reach an all-time high. The coworking segment has appropriated 15% of the share of this growth in office transaction volumes. Here are the quick highlights of the report:
Residential Performance Grows
Overall, the residential market performed well thanks to a stronger and more transparent regulatory environment. According to the report, launch of new units in H1 2019 rose by 21% YoY to 107,143 units while sales grew by a steady 4% YoY to 133,317 units. 51% of launches during H1 2019 occurred in the ticket sizes under INR 5 mn (INR 50 lakhs) and 78% under INR 10 mn (INR 1 Cr) thanks to developers’ focus on the affordable housing sector and lower ticket size offerings.
While NCR and Kolkata saw a drop in unit launches, Hyderabad and Bengaluru grew by 47% and 34%, respectively. Prices have continued to stagnate and remained below the CPI across most markets. The weighted average prices in Mumbai, Pune and Chennai falling by a further 3%, 4% and 3% YoY, respectively.
In Mumbai, residential growth was mostly seen in the suburbs. Thane saw the largest quantum of new launches by some of the biggest corporates. The Peripheral Central Suburbs witnessed the highest sales growth in MMR of 9% YoY during H1 2019. Overall sales of housing units in Mumbai grew marginally by just 4%. Two factors affected the sales negatively – ambiguity around GST and the elections. In fact due to the ambiguity surrounding GST, most developers opted for the earlier GST regime with 12% ITC for on-going projects.
Gulam Zia, Executive Director– Valuation & Advisory, Retail & Hospitality said, “The mood of residential realty in Mumbai continues to be sombre and withdrawn. With more skeletons tumbling out of NBFC cupboards the shadows on Indian housing industry are getting longer. Affordable housing segment has emerged as a silver lining in these dark clouds.”
Office Market Performance Hits All-time High
The Indian office space sector reached a decadal high volume in supply and transactions in H1 2019. Office supply increased by 31% year-on-year (YoY) to 2.2 mn sq m (23.9 mn sq ft) in the current analysis period, the highest level achieved in this decade. Demand from the IT/ITeS (35%) and coworking (15%) segments have contributed heavily to the phenomenal growth of this sector.
Bengaluru achieved a historic high in transactions as well as supply during H1 2019 with transactions hitting 8.3 mn sq. m. while supply increased by over 100% at 7.6 mn sq. m. in H1 2019. Average rental values across the eight cities grew by 10% YoY during H1 2019 with Bengaluru topping at 13.5% YoY.
Shishir Baijal, Chairman and Managing Director said, “The spurt in demand for higher end roles in the Artificial Intelligence and data security domains have led to a welcome and significant 59% YoY increase in demand from the IT/ITeS sector during H1 2019. Co-working spaces continue to drive transaction volumes and influence occupier demand”
In Mumbai, the transaction activity in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) office market was strong at 0.43 mn sq m (4.6 mn sq ft) in H1 2019 thus registering a growth of 61% YoY. The Peripheral business district (PBD), Suburban business district (SBD) Central and SBD West were the three business districts which added supply in H1 2019. The SBD Central market particularly has been gaining traction, witnessing 143% YoY growth in transactions in H1 2019. Central Mumbai witnessed the highest rental growth of 6% YoY during H1 2019, followed by BKC at 5% YoY and SBD Central at 5% YoY.
Infrastructure Boosts Real Estate
The India Real Estate report also focused on the role of infrastructure in lifting living standards and thus boosting real estate markets. A number of infrastructure projects across the country have spurred construction activity in various micro markets. Some of these are Metro rail projects in Pune, Mumbai, Delhi-NCR, Bengaluru and Chennai, new roads such as the Mumbai coastal road, NPR and SPR in Delhi-NCR, new airports in Mumbai, Ahmedabad, 100 smart cities, industrial corridors and the very first bullet train project. The report states that if the Indian economy needs to grow from a USD $5 trillion economy to USD $5 trillion by 2025, then the government needs to increase its spending on infrastructure.